Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become porous, fragile and prone to fracture. It can affect men as well as women. Thyroid hormone affects the rate of bone replacement. Treatment of thyroid over-activity will reduce the rate of bone loss and bone strength may improve.
- Personal history of broken bone
- Family history of osteoporosis
- Early menopause
- Previous steroid therapy
- Anorexia nervosa
- Low body weight
- Lack of exercise or mobility
- Poor diet
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Prolonged untreated hyperthyroidism
- Prolonged over-treated hypothyroidism
- Other illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis, coeliac disease, primary hyperparathyroidism
Hyperthyroidism and osteoporosis
- Too much thyroid hormone increases the rate at which bone is lost
- Treating the hyperthyroidism reduces the rate of bone loss
Hypothyroidism and osteoporosis
- Too much levothyroxine can cause increased bone loss
- Be sure to have an annual thyroid function test to ensure your thyroid hormone levels are not too high
If you have prolonged untreated hyperthyroidism with other risk factors, a bone mineral density scan will help assess your risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures.
Reducing the risk
- A well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D and/or supplements
- Limit alcohol intake to within recommended limits
- Avoidance of smoking
- Regular, high impact exercise, such as power-walking
- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) (recommended only for the treatment of menopausal symptoms)
- The National Osteoporosis Society recommends a daily calcium intake of 700mg for adult men and women, an extra 550mg if you are breastfeeding; and a daily intake of around 1000mg if you are taking osteoporosis drug treatments
Further information can be obtained from:
The National Osteoporosis Society (NOS)
Camerton, Bath, BA2 0PJ
Tel: 0808 800 0035
It is well recognised that thyroid problems often run in families and if family members are unwell they should be encouraged to discuss with their own GP whether thyroid testing is warranted.
If you have questions or concerns about your thyroid disorder, you should talk to your doctor or specialist as they will be best placed to advise you. You may also contact the British Thyroid Foundation for further information and support, or if you have any comments about the information contained in this leaflet.
The British Thyroid Foundation
The British Thyroid Foundation is a registered charity: England and Wales No 1006391, Scotland SC046037
The British Thyroid Association - medical professionals encouraging the highest standards in patient care and research
The British Association of Endocrine and Thyroid Surgeons - the representative body of British surgeons who have a specialist interest in surgery of the endocrine glands (thyroid, parathyroid and adrenal)
First issued: 2008
Revised: 2010, 2011, 2015
Our literature is reviewed every two years and revised if necessary.
© 2015 BRITISH THYROID FOUNDATION